Muscle tears around the hip and pelvis are common, with the hamstring muscles the most frequently strained muscles.

In severe cases, hamstring injuries may be full thickness in their extent and typically require surgery, as do injuries which have extensive tendon involvement.

Groin injuries form a spectrum of injuries which may involve the adductor tendons, pubic symphysis (osteitis pubis) and also the inguinal canal, resulting in hernia formation.

Groin pain has been traditionally misunderstood, however recent advances in MRI and ultrasound, as well as improved understanding of biomechanics and anatomy of the groin has resulted in accurate diagnoses that can also gauge the severity of injury, allowing the clinician to determine whether the athlete should undergo extended rest, rehabilitation or surgery.